Bibi ki Chakki


Adjoining to 'Qadam Shareef' in the north is the 'Bibi Ka Rauza' or 'Bibi ki Chakki'. It was a masonry hexagonal burj (building), which was situated in a walled enclosure and was covered by a dome. Later the burj and its dome were removed and the whole enclosure was covered by a flat roof. It contained 'Kaasa-e-Fatima', a cup of Bibi Fatima (sa). Bibi Fatima (sa) is the beloved daughter of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and the wife of Imam Ali (as) ibn Abu Talib (as), and the mother of Imam Hussain (as).  The building was built to contain the 'kaasa-e-Fatima' (cup) and dedicated to her. Hence it was located in appropriate proximity to 'Qadam shareef', a relic of her husband.

It is not known when and where the cup has been disappeared or how it turned into 'Chakki' (grinding stone). Inside the ‘burj', on a small masonry platform, a carved round stone were kept to contain the 'kaasa-e-Fatima' (cup). Probably that stone has become popular as 'Chakki'.

Currently replicas of Shrine of Hazrat Zainab (sa), the daughter of Imam Ali (as) and Hazrat Sakina (sa), the beloved daughter of Imam Hussain (as) are placed inside it.

As a sign of the reverence to Bibi Fatima (sa) Pardah/Hijab (veil) was strictly observed and men were not permitted to enter the Rauza and defile it by their sight. The same practice is still followed.



References:-

Monuments of Delhi, compiled by Maulvi Zaffar Hassan, Vol.1 (2008 A.D.) Originally Published in 1916 A.D.

Fall of the Mughal Empire by Jadunath Sarkar, Vol. 1 (4th Edition, 1991) Originally Published in 1932.

Aasar-us-Sanadeed by Sir Sayyed Ahmad Khan, (2014 A.D.) Originally Published in 1847 A.D.

Waaqiyaat-e-Darul Hukumat by Bashiruudin Ahmad Dehlvi, Vol. 3, Published in 1919 A.D.

Dilli ki Dargah Shah-e-Mardan by Dr. Khaliq Anjum, Published in 1988 A.D.

Archaeological survey of  India (ASI) reports.

National Archives of India, New Delhi.

British Council Library, New Delhi.

Encyclopaedia Britannica.




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Peter J. Chelkowski on Imam Husain

Professor of Middle Eastern Studies, New York University.

       "Hussein accepted and set out from Mecca with his family and an entourage of about seventy followers.  But on the plain of Kerbela they were caught in an ambush set by the … caliph, Yazid.  Though defeat was certain, Hussein refused to pay homage to him.  Surrounded by a great enemy force, Hussein and his company existed without water for ten days in the burning desert of Kerbela.  Finally Hussein, the adults and some male children of his family and his companions were cut to bits by the arrows and swords of Yazid's army; his women and remaining children were taken as captives to Yazid in Damascus.  The renowned historian Abu Reyhan al-Biruni states; "… then fire was set to their camp and the bodies were trampled by the hoofs of the horses; nobody in the history of the human kind has seen such atrocities."

[Ta'ziyeh: Ritual and Drama in Iran, New York, 1979, p. 2]