Last will of Hazrat Ali (a.s.) to Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Husain (a.s.)
  1. My advice to you is to be conscious of Allah and steadfast in your religion. Do not yearn for the world, and do not be seduced by it. Do not resent anything you have missed in it. Proclaim the truth; work for the next world. Oppose the oppressor and support the oppressed.
  2. I advise you, and all my children, my relatives, and whosoever receives this message, to be conscious of Allah, to remove your differences, and to strengthen your ties. I heard your grandfather, peace be upon him, say: "Reconciliation of your differences is more worthy than all prayers and all fasting."
  3. Fear Allah in matters concerning orphans. Attend to their nutrition and do not forget their interests in the middle of yours.
  4. Fear Allah in your relations with your neighbors. Your Prophet often recommended them to you, so much so that we thought he would give them a share in inheritance.
  5. Remain attached to the Quran. Nobody should surpass you in being intent on it, or more sincere in implementing it.
  6. Fear Allah in relation to your prayers. It is the pillar of your religion.
  7. Fear Allah in relation to His House; do not abandon it as long as you live. If you would do that you would abandon your dignity.
  8. Persist in jihad in the cause of Allah, with your money, your souls, and your tongue.
  9. Maintain communication and exchange of opinion among yourselves. Beware of disunity and enmity. Do not desist from promoting good deeds and cautioning against bad ones. Should you do that,the worst among you would be your leaders, and you will call upon Allah without response.
  10. O Children of Abdul Muttalib! Do not shed the blood of Muslims under the banner: The Imam has been assassinated! Only the assassin should be condemned to death.
  11. If I die of this stab of his, kill him with one similar stroke. Do not mutilate him! I have heard the Prophet, peace be upon him, say: "Mutilate not even a rabid dog."

(Source: Nahj al Balagah)
 

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Robert Durey Osborn on Imam Husain

(1835-1889) Major of the Bengal Staff Corps.

q       "Hosain had a child named Abdallah, only a year old.  He had accompanied his father in this terrible march.  Touched by its cries, he took the infant in his arms and wept.  At that instant, a shaft from the hostile ranks pierced the child's ear, and it expired in his father's arms.  Hosain placed the little corpse upon the ground.  'We come from God, and we return to Him!' he cried; 'O Lord, give me strength to bear these misfortunes!' … Faint with thirst, and exhausted with wounds, he fought with desperate courage, slaying several of his antagonists.  At last he was cut down from behind; at the same instance a lance was thrust through his back and bore him to the ground; as the dealer of this last blow withdrew his weapon, the ill-fated son of Ali rolled over a corpse.  The head was severed from the trunk; the trunk was trampled under the hoofs of the victors' horses; and the next morning the women and a surviving infant son were carried away to Koufa.  The bodies of Hosain and his followers were left unburied on the spot where they fell.  For three days they remained exposed to the sun and the night dews, the vultures and the prowling animals of the waste; but then the inhabitants of a neighbouring village, struck with horror that the body of a grandson of the Prophet should be thus shamefully abandoned to the unclean beasts of the field, dared the anger of Obaidallah, and interred the body of the martyr and those of his heroic friends.

[Islam Under the Arabs, Delaware, 1976, pp. 126-7]